No one knows the pain of underground utilities in the middle of construction like the construction workers themselves. This is a problem that affects nearly all construction workers and excavators carrying out their work in modern cities. Cities are filled with underground tunnels with telephone, power and fibre optic cables competing for the little space with gas and water mains, sewer pipes and waste water drains. Sorting through these different utilities is a confusing process even for the most experienced excavators. This process is even more challenging when the realization is that these utilities date back to as far as the 19th century. A greater challenge lies in how to locate underground utilities. They are a factor that a contractor may or may not face during their work but should be ready to deal with.
There are service companies that have been established to make the contractor’s work easier. These companies conduct proper research on the area to be excavated before the process begins. This information is then passed on to the excavators for a small fee. Also, it is advisable to seek a surveyor’s services. A surveyor who is qualified, reputable and experienced in finding underground utilities will be able to give the excavating team information on existing utilities in the area. These two parties make the contractors task on how to locate underground utilities easier.
These two parties apply modern methods of technology to locate these utilities. They use radio detection, live-line detector, ground penetrating radar systems and electromagnetic detectors to find the utilities. These forms of technology are able to detect non-metallic and metallic cables and pipes. To make the process more effective, these utilities can be mapped through using traditional techniques such as geographical information system software.
Usually, different utilities are found using different techniques. Techniques used to detect metal are not the same ones applied when detecting plastic, concrete or even ceramic. This is where maps could become a great asset. By connecting the equipment to a Global Positioning System (GPS) tool, one is able to convert data to 2D or 3D maps. This process does not take up much time. Colour coding is also another means that could offer detailed information about the different utilities existing in a certain area.
Using this method of utility mapping can end up saving a large amount of time. Also, with this method, success is fully guaranteed because it is a practical method unlike consulting other individuals. The individuals may end up costing one money and time because of lack of expertise. Utility mapping assists businesses to comply with regulations with regard to both health and safety. Utility mapping also provides the excavator develop a better understanding of the geographical area they will be working on. This is in reference to soil texture, type of soil and the like.
The process of how to locate underground utilities is one that is both difficult and confusing. However, underground utility mapping companies exist so as to lighten this burden borne by excavators and contractors. Utility mapping companies ease the process on how to locate underground utilities. It becomes not just the excavator’s burden but theirs as well.
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